The forests in Vietnam have decreased severly over the century due to war, shifting cultivation, transformation into farmland, overexplotation, and increasing population. The quality of many natural resources is low due to many years of degradation, including rattan, a climbing palm that is used for weaving and making home appliances for sale or domestic use. The demand for the rattan is so high that it has led to overexplotation of the natural rattan resources at a large scale. The aim of this research project was to contribute to the basic knowledge that is necessary to create sustainable rattan management systems, to both conserve rattan resources and have it be a resource for economic development. The patterns of growth, reproduction, and survival of three different rattan study species were researched and evaluated over three years. Then matrix models were used to analyze the population dynamics of the three species. Some major answers in solving the degregation of rattan are to issue harvesting guildlines for rattans and put the guidelines into practice at the management and conservation measure for rattan resources in all of Vietnam, properly managing multilayered forests, and possibly the establishment of certifications. In order to lay down a foundation for sustainable rattan management systems in wild populations, there must be active participation from the researchers, conservationists, policy-makers, and local harvesters together.