Analysis of the consequences of land allocation and identifying and developing new option for livelihoods to reduce poverty in forest dependent communities

Viet Nam

Analysis of the consequences of land allocation and identifying and developing new option for livelihoods to reduce poverty in forest dependent communities

The land ownership and management system in the Vietnamese forest sector is undergoing major changes under the National Forest Strategy of ‘socialization of the forest sector'. A major objective of the socialization process is to reduce poverty in communities dependent on forest land for their livelihoods. Households will be given greater access to the forest resources, which will open up more livelihood opportunities, and tenure over some of the forest lands for production and protection.

This project will explore the effect of the current policies and practices in the forest sector on livelihood strategies, land use and benefit sharing: does allocation of land work for reducing poverty? Suggestions for improvement will be made.

It is expected that the forest land allocation will achieve two main objectives: poverty reduction and better forest management. The project will undertake surveys to analyse the consequences of the land allocation policy to see how livelihood opportunities and activities change as a result of land allocation processes. It will examine the reasons for the changes in livelihood activities and identify new opportunities created and the interaction of these new activities with customary arrangements and local knowledge. Case studies of land management will compare what happens when land is allocated to households with situations where land is not allocated.


The second component of this project will formulate and monitor the key information and indicators required to assess the effects of the allocation policy on livelihoods. The questions to be addressed will include: is there additional income and from what sources, and have new land uses developed as a result of better access to forest land by households. The outcome will be compared with other possible models of benefit sharing. Other issues to be addressed are how well land allocation policy is being translated into practice and the factors promoting/limiting allocation, especially key constraints on the process and how these could be overcome

Duration

2008 - 2011

Objective

1. To analyse how new opportunities for livelihoods of forest communities arise as a result of forest land allocation. 2. To monitor the changes in land use and livelihood generation as a result of land allocation to communities and households dependent on forest resources.