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Viet Nam - 05 October, 2015
Despite the high expectations about the benefits that REDD+ might bring to Viet Nam, until now its application has mostly been successful at national level. This was one of the conclusions presented at the seminar “Rethinking Livelihoods, Forest Governance and Socio-ecological Systems: The State of REDD+ in Viet Nam” organized by TBI Viet Nam on 19 August 2015 to share the PhD research results of Mucahid Mustafa Bayrak.
Additionally, Mucahid shared that most REDD+ readiness activities have taken place among national and provincial government agencies and therefore local communities have not fully understood REDD+. Local communities are mostly interested in receiving financial and in-kind benefits from reforestation programmes, Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM) and Benefit Sharing Mechanism (BSM).
A participant from the Hue University of Agriculture and Forestry indicated that the political structure in Viet Nam is rather complex, and thus a deep understanding of the Vietnamese institutions/organizations is needed to guarantee an effective integration of REDD+ into Payment for Environmental Services, while developing eco-tourism programmes to improve livelihoods of local communities.
Mucahid PhD research included the following questions: 1) What are the impacts on the livelihoods of local communities of a Benefit Sharing Mechanism and what are the lessons learnt from REDD+; 2) In what way is REDD+ implemented in the socio-ecological systems of the communes?; and 3) What roles do community-based forest management (CBFM) and communities play in NSM/REDD+, and in what way does CBFM align with the programmes’ respective objectives?
Mucahid is from the Geography and Resource Management Department of the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He has conducted his PhD research from 2011-2015 in various communes across Viet Nam, including Huong Hiep Commune (Quang Tri Province), Hieu Commune (Kon Tum province), Thuong Nhat Commune(Thua-Thien Hue Province), and Bao Thuan Commune(Lam Dong Province).